Acne is the commonest skin problem in the world. It predominantly affects teenagers but can also be seen in the older population as well. Caused by Propionibacterium acne and precipitated by certain risk factors, this condition is notorious for flaring up recurrently. Here we shall take a look at how this condition can be managed at home and what treatment options are available to treat it.
Why does acne occurred in adulthood?
The skin contains gland called sebaceous glands that secrete a thick oily substance called sebum. Sebum can block the pores of the skin and allow bacteria to grow within them. This bacterial growth results in inflammation and the formation of acne. In men, acne occurs due to all production of testosterone and in women it can occur during pregnancy or menopause. Statistics state that 35 percent of women in their 30s, 26 percent in their 40s, and 15 percent age 50 and up battle breakouts. Common triggers for adult acne are not just hormonal but can also be linked to diet (simple carbs and sugar, diary and chocolate), stress and High Testosterone or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Occasionally, some cosmetics or medications like corticosteroids can also cause acne to develop.
Treating adult acne
There are a number of different methods that are now available to treat adult acne. Unfortunately, treating it can be quite difficult and many times it can fail. Certain simple measures can be taken that can help reduce breakouts and eventually lead to the acne disappearing.
1. Using cleansing solutions – Cleansing solutions are now easily available over-the-counter and in supermarkets. They clean out the pores and help get rid of sebaceous secretions.
2. Topical creams – These days, creams that contain benzoyl peroxide are used to treat adult acne. They help control the redness and reduce the size of the acne fairly quickly. In some patients however, the skin can get dried out a bit too much and this can cause itching and flaking skin.
3. Antibiotics – These are usually prescribed by a general practitioner or a dermatologist. Topical antibiotic creams such as clindamycin are extremely helpful in managing acne. Oral medication such as tetracycline can also help but long courses of this treatment are usually required. Tetracyclines can cause staining on the teeth so this needs to be looked out for.
Simple home remedies
Just keeping the skin clean by washing it with a cleansing soap and warm water can help reduce breakouts. Hot water is not recommended as it can dry the skin out to much. Avoid rubbing the skin with a towel when drying the face after washing it as this can cause trauma to it and can precipitate acne. Some people find that there are certain triggers for their acne and it is essential that the warranties.
These days there are newer treatments that have emerged in the field of dermatology that help manage patients with adult acne. Treatments can include laser therapy, blue light therapy and chemical peels. Before undergoing any such treatment, the dermatologist will assess whether or not this will be of any benefit in the first place and will initially tryout the above measures first.
Adult acne can be annoying and embarrassing. Simple treatments are available but may not necessarily be effective. Visit a dermatologist today on advice regarding how adult acne can be treated effectively and prevented from occurring again.