Common Skin Conditions of the Face and Body

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The IAPAM has researched and reported on a number of common skin conditions and how they are treated.  To review each skin condition’s definition, description and treatment options, in more detail, click on “Read More HERE.”

Acne and Acne Scarring

What it is

Acne is the most common skin condition in the US, affecting 40 million to 50 million Americans. (Source:  AAD). Of individuals aged 11 to 30 years, 80% have some degree of active acne. 1

Interestingly, only 16% of patients with acne related skin conditions seek medical attention and of these, 74% wait more than a year to seek appropriate treatment.

This is significant, because studies have shown a correlation with scar formation as relating to those acne lesions with a time delay of up to 3 years between initial onset and sufficient treatment.  Read More HERE.

Aging

What it is

The skin is a dynamic organ. It comprises 15% of a patient’s total body weight and is the body’s primary defense organ.  Skin aging can be divided into two categories:  intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic aging is chronological aging of the skin. Extrinsic aging is caused by external factors, such as environmental damage and photoaging.

What causes it

Intrinsic aging is a biological or genetic skin condition, and typically begins in a patient’s mid-20s.

There are many causes of extrinsic aging, including:  sun exposure, air pollutants, smoking, gravity, nutritional deficiencies or factors (medications, alcohol consumption, etc.) and BMI.   Read More HERE.

Hyperpigmentation

What it is

Hyperpigmentation is characterized by increased production or accumulation of melanin.

What causes it

Epidermal and dermal hyperpigmentation can be dependent on either increased numbers of melanocytes, melanocytic dendrites or activity of melanogenic enzymes. Ultraviolet light, chronic inflammation and rubbing of the skin, as well as abnormal α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) release are triggering factors for these disorders. Read More HERE.

Melasma

What it is

Melasma is a skin condition which consists of patchy, irregular brown or grayish-brown facial discoloration of areas in areas of the face exposed to UV radiation, and it most often affects women.

What causes it

There are multiple potential contributing factors to melasma, including:

• Genetic predisposition;
• Pregnancy (Melasma is sometimes used interchangeably with the term “chloasma,” which is a hyperpigmentation that often results from pregnancy or changes in the uterine and ovarian hormones.);
• Use of oral contraceptives;
• Endocrine dysfunction or hormone treatments; and
• Exposure to UV light.

Read More HERE.

Rosacea

What it is

Rosacea is a chronic sensitive skin condition that produces facial redness and blemishes, and generally affects adults between the ages of 30 and 60. It affects more women than men, yet men exhibit more destructive presentations. This condition develops and worsens over time, but it is not considered a normal part of skin aging.

What causes it

Rosacea can be the result of a family history or can be caused by environmental triggers, such as exposures or situations that cause a flare-up or flushing of the skin. Common triggers include sun exposure, alcohol (topical or consumed), spicy food, and overly aggressive topical products and treatments.  If left untreated over a long period, rosacea can lead to permanent disfigurement, ocular inflammation and vision loss.  Read More HERE.

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