Practically all teenagers suffer from acne at one time or another, but sometimes it’s only a few ‘zits’ or pimples. However acne can be more severe in other teenagers, giving rise to spots called whiteheads, blackheads, and in more severe cases larger red, inflamed spots called cysts. These skin pimples, spots and cysts can change the tone of the skin, leaving a darker tone and severe acne can in some cases leave scaring.
Scaring Does Happen
Acne is not dangerous, but can leave skin scars. Oil glands located under the skin connect to the pores (tiny holes) in human skin. Follicles are like small canals that connect the pores to the glands. These glands produce Sebum, an oily liquid. The sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin.
From each follicle a small hair grows through the skin. Oil accumulates under the skin when these follicles get blocked, resulting in pimples. During puberty, hormonal changes can cause excess oils in the skin, so acne is common in teenagers. Later in life, adults can suffer from acne too, not just during the teenage years.
A hypersensitivity or overproduction of androgens (male hormones) is the cause of some adult acne. When both male and female hormones (estrogen) are imbalanced, it also results in a breakout of acne.
This can happen during a woman’s pregnancy, perimenopause, or menopause. Statistics state that 35 percent of women in their 30s, 26 percent in their 40s, and 15 percent age 50 and up battle breakouts. Common triggers for adult acne are not just hormonal but can also be linked to diet (simple carbs and sugar, diary and chocolate), stress and High Testosterone or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Occasionally, some cosmetics or medications like corticosteroids can also cause acne to develop.
To help alleviate mild and moderate adult acne, chemical peels are a very good treatment. By exfoliating the skin, chemical peels take effect; this removes dead skin cells which have clogged the pores, and cleanses the skin of the dirt. This reduces the formation of acne pimples and spots. In addition, chemical peels can take away some of the uneven skin tone and skin discolouration that acne causes.
For acne treatment, chemical peels are a very cost effective option. They are also a very safe treatment for acne. Superficial chemical peels are applied to the affected areas to exfoliate and cleanse the top layers of the skin, removing the dead skin cells. This type of peel generally only affects the epidermis. A superficial peel is the mildest type, and is the quickest to recover from. Diluted glycolic acid is most often employed for this purpose, but there are some techniques that use dry ice. Superficial peels do not hurt your skin, you will just feel a slight tingling or stinging sensation, and have virtually no recovery time. A course of peels is usually recommended, each performed at least one week apart. This will result in a noticeable improvement in the skin texture and visibly reduce the amount of acne breakouts.